What are Mosquitoes?

up close of a mosquito hanging upside down


Mosquitoes are a type of parasitic insect belonging to the Culicidae family. They are widely recognized for their role as vectors of various diseases and for their nuisance biting behavior. Here is a more detailed expansion on the characteristics and behavior of mosquitoes:

Physical Appearance: Mosquitoes typically have a slender, elongated body with three distinct body parts: the head, thorax, and abdomen. They are equipped with six long, slender legs and a pair of narrow wings that allow them to fly with agility. Most species of mosquitoes are relatively small, ranging in size from a few millimeters to around a centimeter in length.

Feeding Behavior: While both male and female mosquitoes feed primarily on plant nectar for sustenance, it is only the female mosquitoes that require a blood meal for the development of their eggs. Female mosquitoes have specialized mouthparts called a proboscis, which they use to pierce the skin of warm-blooded animals, including humans and other mammals, to access their blood. The proteins and nutrients obtained from the blood meal are essential for the development of eggs within the female mosquito's body.

Reproduction: Mosquitoes undergo a complete metamorphosis, transitioning through four distinct life stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. After mating, female mosquitoes seek out suitable locations to lay their eggs, often depositing them in stagnant water sources such as ponds, puddles, and containers. The eggs hatch into larvae, which feed and grow in the water until they molt into pupae. Eventually, the pupae emerge as adult mosquitoes, ready to continue the cycle of reproduction.

Habitat and Behavior: Mosquitoes are commonly found in environments with standing water, as it serves as a breeding ground for their larvae. They are most active during the warmer months and are often encountered in areas with high humidity and vegetation. Mosquitoes are primarily nocturnal or crepuscular, meaning they are most active during the evening and early morning hours when temperatures are cooler.

Mosquitoes are parasitic insects characterized by their slender bodies, long legs, and distinctive feeding behavior. While male mosquitoes primarily feed on plant nectar, female mosquitoes require a blood meal to produce eggs. Understanding the biology and behavior of mosquitoes is crucial for implementing effective control measures and reducing their impact on human health and well-being.

What Kinds Of Mosquito Species Are There?

There are many species of mosquitoes, and they can be categorized into various genera. Some of the most common and notable mosquito genera include:

Aedes Mosquitoes:

Aedes mosquitoes are known for transmitting diseases such as Zika virus, dengue fever, and chikungunya. Common species include Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. They are often found in urban and suburban areas.

What are aedes mosquitoes?
Aedes Mosquito

Culex Mosquitoes:

Culex mosquitoes are vectors for diseases like West Nile virus and Japanese encephalitis. Culex pipiens and Culex quinquefasciatus are examples of common species. They often breed in standing water.

Anopheles Mosquitoes:

Anopheles mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting malaria. They are recognized by their characteristic resting position with their bodies angled upward. Anopheles gambiae is a well-known species associated with malaria transmission.

Mansonia Mosquitoes:

Mansonia mosquitoes are known for breeding in freshwater plants and are found in tropical and subtropical regions. They can transmit diseases like filariasis.

Psorophora Mosquitoes:

Psorophora mosquitoes are known for their aggressive biting behavior. While they are not major disease vectors, their bites can be painful. Psorophora columbiae is an example.

Haemagogus Mosquitoes:

Haemagogus mosquitoes are found in the Americas and are vectors for yellow fever. They typically breed in tree holes and are active during the day.

Culiseta Mosquitoes:

Culiseta mosquitoes often breed in freshwater habitats like ponds and marshes. While they are not major disease vectors, they can transmit some viruses.

Coquillettidia Mosquitoes:

Coquillettidia mosquitoes are known for their distinctive resting posture with their bodies lifted at a 45-degree angle. They breed in freshwater habitats and can transmit viruses.

Uranotaenia Mosquitoes:

Uranotaenia mosquitoes breed in various aquatic habitats, including tree holes and marshes. They are not major vectors of diseases but can transmit some pathogens.

It's important to note that female mosquitoes are the ones that feed on blood, as they require the proteins for egg development. Male mosquitoes primarily feed on nectar. Additionally, different mosquito species have distinct preferences for breeding habitats, ranging from stagnant water to tree holes and marshes. Understanding the biology and habits of various mosquito species is crucial for effective mosquito control and disease prevention.

Are Mosquitoes Dangerous?

Yes, mosquitoes can be dangerous as they are known vectors for transmitting various diseases to humans and animals through their bites. Some of the diseases transmitted by mosquitoes include:


A life-threatening disease caused by parasites transmitted through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria can lead to symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, and in severe cases, organ failure and death.

Dengue Fever:

A viral infection transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes infected with the dengue virus. Symptoms of dengue fever include high fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, rash, and in severe cases, hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which can be fatal.

Zika Virus:

Zika virus is primarily transmitted to humans through the bites of infected Aedes mosquitoes. In pregnant women, Zika virus infection can lead to severe birth defects in newborns, including microcephaly (abnormally small head size) and other neurological complications.

West Nile Virus:

West Nile virus is spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes, primarily species of the Culex genus. While most people infected with West Nile virus do not develop symptoms, some may experience fever, headache, body aches, and in rare cases, severe neurological illness such as encephalitis or meningitis.


Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected Aedes mosquitoes. Symptoms of chikungunya include fever, joint pain, muscle pain, headache, nausea, and rash. While it is rarely fatal, chikungunya can cause long-lasting joint pain and disability in some cases.

These are just a few examples of the diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. While not all mosquitoes carry disease, it's essential to take precautions to prevent mosquito bites and reduce the risk of mosquito-borne illnesses, especially in areas where these diseases are prevalent. Utilizing mosquito control measures and protective clothing, and using insect repellents can help minimize the threat posed by mosquitoes.

Eliminating Mosquitoes from Your Yard with Alta Pest Control

At Alta Pest Control, we understand the importance of enjoying your outdoor space without the nuisance of mosquitoes. Here's how we can help you keep your yard mosquito-free:

Expert Prevention and Treatment:

Our professionals are trained to implement effective prevention methods and treat the area to eliminate mosquitoes. With our expertise, we can identify breeding sites and implement targeted treatments to eradicate mosquitoes at all life stages.

Knowledgeable Guidance:

Did you know that a single mosquito can lay up to 100 eggs in a container as small as a plastic bottle cap? Our experts can provide valuable tips and tricks to help you address potential breeding grounds and prevent mosquito infestations in your yard.

Certified Professionals:

While DIY methods like dryer sheets and citronella candles may not offer reliable mosquito control, our certified professionals have the expertise and tools to deliver results. We follow label instructions and apply treatment solutions correctly to ensure maximum effectiveness.

Tailored Solutions:

Every yard is unique, and so are its mosquito control needs. We partner with you to identify problem areas and develop customized solutions to meet your specific requirements. Our ongoing services ensure that your yard remains mosquito-free year-round.

Don't let mosquitoes ruin your outdoor experience. Trust Alta Pest Control for expert mosquito control solutions tailored to your needs. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take back your yard from these pesky pests.

Mosquitoes Frequently Asked Questions

Are Mosquitoes Dangerous?

The mosquitoes are a serious pest that poses significant health risks for both humans and animals. Because of their ability to spread serious diseases, mosquitoes are among the most dangerous insects on the planet. They transmit diseases such as yellow fever, malaria, and dengue fever to developing and tropical countries.

The West Nile virus can be spread by the Asian Tiger mosquito in the United States. Aedes Aegypti can spread diseases such as Zika virus, Chikungunya and Dengue. Dogs can also be infected by the parasitic heartworm transmitted by mosquitoes. Their bites can spread diseases, but they are also itchy and may cause secondary infections.

What Is The Problem With My Mosquito Problem?

Hot and humid climates allows mosquito populations to flourish. They can be a problem on any property where they breed and live outside. They love land that has standing water, or is near standing water areas (marshes ponds lakes). Because they eat plant nectar, mosquitoes are attracted to properties that have a lot of flowers.

Where Can I Find Mosquitoes In My Area?

In tall grasses, areas with dense vegetation, along fencelines, behind trees bark, under decks, and porches, mosquitoes rest. Moths love to be attracted to ponds and swamps, wetlands or flower gardens. Aedes aegypti, a container breeding mosquito, is attracted to standing water. This includes buckets, old tires and wheelbarrows, garbage cans, pots and other containers that hold water. Although they rarely move indoors, they can sometimes sneak in through open windows or doors to search for food.

How Can I Get Rid of Mosquitoes?

Alta Pest Control, a family-owned business, is the best option to eliminate mosquitoes from your house or workplace. You can rest assured that your pest problems won't return and we offer quick response times. Our seasonal mosquito control professionals use the most efficient products to control mosquito populations on your property. Find out why Alta Pest Control is the preferred pest control company for your neighborhood. Give us a shout today!

What can I do to prevent future mosquito infestations?

Partner with Alta Pest Control to prevent problems with mosquitoes. Also, follow these prevention tips:

  • As much as possible, keep windows and doors shut.
  • Repair broken or damaged door and window screens.
  • All water-collating containers should be stored upside down
  • Make sure you fix rainwater-collecting areas that are low on your property.
  • To prevent water pooling around gutters and downspouts, make sure they are maintained.
  • Keep your grass cut.
  • Take out any overgrown plants from your exterior.
  • Outdoor lighting attracts mosquitoes. You can switch out the white outdoor lights to yellow or LED lights, which are more attractive to mosquitoes.

How Alta Pest Control Protects Your Home From Pests

All of our treatment plans are customized to your home and yard. We do this to ensure that you get the exact coverage you need to keep your home safe. All of our technicians and inspectors are experts in their field, so you can be sure that you are getting top-tier protection.


One of our expert technicians will inspect every inch of your home and business for pest activity. Then they will create a custom plan based on their findings.

Initial Service

Once your custom plan is created, we will treat your home and yard to give you immediate relief from pests. Then, we will create a boundary around your property to prevent more pests from entering.

Follow Ups

After the initial service, we will conduct regular maintenance to ensure that your pest problems remain solved. We will also conduct free inspections for problem pests, such as termites.

Alta Guarantee

When it comes to pest control, we put our money where our mouth is. If we treat your home, and you're still seeing pests, we'll come back and retreat for free. We'll always have your back.


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