mice on a log

What are Mice?

Mice are a rodent species and are common intruders in homes and businesses. The house mouse is one of the most popular species. Their oval-shaped bodies are covered in light brown, gray or lighter-colored fur. They also have lighter-colored underbellies. Their tails are as long or shorter than their bodies and have a thin fur layer. Their tails grow from 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches in length to about 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches. They have small ears and a pointed nose.

There are many different types of mice, they are very similar in size and weight. The most distinctive distinction between these species is their coloration.

What kinds of mice are there?

a cute mouse on a tree branch

Behavior & Diet

Each of the three species of mouse is primarily nocturnal, and can quickly escape from danger. Both the house mouse and white-footed mice are excellent climbers and swimmers. Mice tend to stay close to their nest and very rarely travel further than 100 feet away from their nest. Deer mice and white-footed mice are less likely to venture further from their nests.

Mice can store food in their burrows or nests and are considered to be omnivores. Mice eat many types of plants, including stems, leaves, seeds, roots, fruits and insects, in wild settings. Deer mice also eat their own feces. They will also eat anything that is easily accessible and left behind when they are in close proximity to people.

Although they prefer to live close to people, the house mouse will also live in woods and fields. However, they are less likely to wander too far from buildings, making them more likely to infest urban areas. They seek shelter as the temperature drops. This shelter is often a barn, storage shed, or home. There are many habitats for the deer mouse, including deserts, forests, and agricultural fields. It is most commonly found in prairies, woodlands, and bushy areas. White-footed mice prefer to live in woodlands, suburban, and agricultural areas. Rodent surveys have revealed that white-footed mice were the most common small rodents in mixed hardwood forests in the eastern half of our country, as well as brushy areas adjacent to agricultural fields.


The house mouse reproduces all year round inside homes and other structures. In its natural environment, however, the breeding season is usually from April to September. The average litter size for females is between 3-12 litters per year. However, it is usually five to six litters. At five to six weeks of age, females are sexually mature and can live up to two years in wild areas.

Reproduction is not possible in the typical environment of deer mice. The litter size can vary and could range from 1-11 offspring to 4-6 in the average litter. As you might expect reproduction is higher in warmer areas than in colder ones.

The northern region of the country sees white-footed mice being born in spring, late summer or fall. In the southern part of its distribution, breeding occurs over a longer time. The average age of an adult is 38-44 days. They have 2-4 litters per calendar year and each litter contains between 2-9 young. The litter size of the female increases with the number of her children. It peaks at the fifth litter or sixth litter. As she gets older, it begins to decline. The wild white-footed mouse lives for about one year.

The stages of the mouse life cycle

  • The heat is for between 4 and 5 days in females.
  • After three weeks, rodents can give birth if they are pregnant.
  • A litter can contain 5-8 pups and females may reproduce up to 10 times each year.
  • The mouse's first life cycle begins with newborns who are blind and hairless.
  • Baby mice gradually gain sight and mobility after two weeks.
  • About 2 months after their birth, mice reach sexual maturity and can mate.

Infestation Signs

A mouse is a sign of an infestation. This is especially true considering that mice are highly secretive and nocturnal. A mouse's appearance can be a sign of an infestation, as other adults have taken up residence in the safer, more private areas for them to nest. These animals are often seen running or scurrying to avoid being disturbed.

Mice droppings can be found anywhere mice travel, live or stop to eat and collect food. It is possible to remove droppings from a structure and then inspect it again later. RESPIRATORY PROTECTION MUST BE USED IF YOU REMOVE MICE DROPPINGS.

A mouse infestation can also manifest itself in the form of tracks and footprints left behind in dusty places.

Because mice are nest builders and nest-builders, it is easy to see evidence of mouse activity when you see nests in burrows and wall voids providing protection.

Mice love to chew and gnaw on objects in their environment. Mice can be identified by chewed food and paper fragments, as well as gnaw marks on wood edges or other hard materials. A mouse infestation could be suspected if food packages are chewed into.

An infection can also be characterized by noises like mice running from one place to the next or gnawing on walls or attics.

A mouse infestation is characterized by unpleasant odors such as urine, urine and fecal deposits.

Prevention Tips

All cracks, crevices and holes larger than a pencap should be sealed with cement. These holes should not be sealed with wood, as mice can chew through them.

Insect infestations can also be affected by cleanliness. Wash dishes immediately after use. You should store food in metal or glass containers with tight lids. Mice get most of their water by eating scavenged food particles. Therefore, no crumbs or morsels should remain on tables or floors.

Prevention methods are ineffective if a home has already been infested. Professionals are trained to administer the most effective mouse control methods.

How Alta Pest Control Protects Your Home From Pests

All of our treatment plans are customized to your home and yard. We do this to ensure that you get the exact coverage you need to keep your home safe. All of our technicians and inspectors are experts in their field, so you can be sure that you are getting top-tier protection.


One of our expert technicians will inspect every inch of your home and business for pest activity. Then they will create a custom plan based on their findings.

Initial Service

Once your custom plan is created, we will treat your home and yard to give you immediate relief from pests. Then, we will create a boundary around your property to prevent more pests from entering.

Follow Ups

After the initial service, we will conduct regular maintenance to ensure that your pest problems remain solved. We will also conduct free inspections for problem pests, such as termites.

Alta Guarantee

When it comes to pest control, we put our money where our mouth is. If we treat your home, and you're still seeing pests, we'll come back and retreat for free. We'll always have your back.

Mice Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Are mice dangerous?

Rodents have front incisors which grow continuously throughout their lives. They chew on everything to prevent excessive growth. Mice are dangerous because of their chewing habits. Mice can chew through cables, wires, insulation, drywall, flooring, and other materials, causing costly structural damage and even setting off fires. Mice can also damage and chew through personal property such as clothing, shoes and books.

Mice can contaminate food, surfaces, and buildings by leaking urine, feces and saliva. They transmit bacteria and diseases to humans, including hantavirus, salmonella, leptospirosis, and hantavirus. Some people are allergic to their shed fur and feces.

Do I have a mice problem?

Mice are most problematic because they have come to depend on humans for their basic needs. Mice will eat whatever food, water, or shelter we provide. Mice are attracted to garden food, such as food in compost bins, compost bins and pet food bowls. Once comfortable foraging for food near our homes, they will move inside to look for more food or to seek the comfort of a temperature-controlled environment in which to nest.

Where will I find mice?

Mice can be found outdoors in many environments including parks, wooded areas and areas with overgrown vegetation. Mice will choose quiet, out-of-the way places to live when they move into homes or businesses. Mice are night-shifters and will usually stay at their nesting areas during the day before moving out to hunt for food at night. The most common indoor nesting places are behind large appliances, in crawlspaces and attics, as well as in wall voids.

How do I get rid of mice?

Alta Pest Control is a family-owned business that can get rid of mice in your home or office. Our fast response times give you peace of mind that your pest problems are solved and won't come back. Our skilled pest control specialists provide high-quality rodent removal services using only the best products to eradicate mice from your property. Find out why Alta Pest Control is the preferred pest control company for your neighborhood. Give us a shout today!

How can I prevent mice in the future?

You can prevent mice problems by partnering Alta Pest Control and by following these prevention tips:

  • Seal cracks in exterior walls and rooflines to eliminate entry points.
  • All exterior doors should have door sweeps.
  • Mesh covers can be placed over the vents that lead into your home.
  • Seal any spaces where air-conditioners or utilities enter your home.
  • Remove any wood or leaves from your yard that could be used as a hiding place for mice.
  • Remove any shrubs or trees that are growing on the exterior of your house.
  • Trash cans and compost bins should have tight fitting lids that are kept off the ground.
  • Take bird feeders off your property
  • Outdoor eating areas should be free from food debris
  • To make it less likely that mice hide in your home, organize the storage spaces.


Your Trusted Pest Control Provider

Have problems with pests?
Find a location near you! We service all surrounding areas, as well.

Service You Can Trust

You can rest assured knowing that you and your family are in good hands. With dozens of awards and accreditations, our expertise speaks for itself.